It is understood that all stainless steel is not created equal. There is a definite difference between the various stainless steels available today. This blog will discuss the differences as they pertain to mechanical components used in factory automation.
AUSTENITIC GRADES- (300 series) are non magnetic in the annealed condition, although some may become magnetic after cold working. They can be hardened only by cold working , and not by heat treatment. Combine outstanding corrosion resistance with good mechanical properties over a wide temperature range. The most common grades are: 303, 304, 316, 311 etc…Misumi offers 303, 304 and 316 grade.
FERRITIC GRADES- are always magnetic and contain chromium but no nickel. They can be hardened to some extent by cold working, but not by heat treatment, and they combine corrosion and heat resistance with moderate mechanical properties and decorative appeal. The ferritic grades generally are restricted to a narrower range of corrosive conditions than austenitic grades. The most common grades: 405, 408, 430 (Offered by Misumi) etc… Misumi offers 430 grade.
MARTENSITIC GRADES- are magnetic and can be hardened by quenching and tempering. They contain chromium, and with two exceptions, no nickel. Some are modified to improve machinability and other have a small addition of nickel to improve the mechanical properties or their response to heat treatment. Some of them have greatly increased carbon content and are hardenable to the highest levels of all stainless steels. These are excellent for service in mild environments such as the atmosphere, freshwater, steam, and weak acids, but are not resistant to severely corrosive solutions. The most common grades: 410, 410, 440C (Offered by Misumi). Misumi offers 410 and 440C grade.